Posted by: cjjj1 | September 9, 2008

Blast From the Past In Sumerian Religion

By: Christavia Johnson

       The first known civilization in Mesopotamia arrived around 4000 B.C. they were referred to as Sumerians. These people, like many other ancient peoples in that time were polytheistic, meaning they believed in many gods. the gods were thought to control all aspect of life especially the forces of nature. Sumerians believed that their gods and goddesses acted and behaved like ordinary people. Sumerian gods and goddesses were responsible for violence and suffering although they favored truth and justice.

       The highest duty of the Sumerians were to please their gods and goddesses and thereby ensure the safety of thier city-states. in order for them to do this they built a ziggurat, which is a pyramid-temple that soaredd toward the heavens. On the tops of these temples stood a shrine to the chief gods or goddesses of that  city-state. To win favors of the gods, the people prayed and offered sacrifices of animals, grain and wine. Which offered security for the peoples of Sumer. Like those in Egypt, sumerians  believed in the afterlife, but they saw the underground world as a grim place from which you can’t be released.


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